Predestination: Biblical and Theological Paths by Matthew Levering

By Matthew Levering

Predestination has been the topic of perennial controversy between Christians, even though lately theologians have shied clear of it as a divisive and unedifying subject. during this booklet Matthew Levering argues that Christian theological mirrored image must proceed to come to the subject of predestination, for 2 purposes: to start with, predestinarian doctrine is taught within the New testomony. Reflecting the significance of the subject in lots of strands of moment Temple Judaism, the recent testomony authors train predestination in a fashion that explains why Christian theologians continuously recur to this subject. Secondly, the doctrine of predestination offers a manner for Christian theologians to mirror upon basic affirmations of biblical revelation. the 1st is God's love, with none deficiency or crimp, for every and each rational creature; the second one is that God from eternity brings in regards to the goal for which he created us, and that he allows a few rational creatures freely and completely to insurgent opposed to his love. while theologians think of those key biblical affirmations, they often try and unite them in a logical synthesis. in its place, Levering argues, it will be significant to permit for the reality of every part of the secret, with no attempting to mixture the 2 affirmations into one. Levering pairs his dialogue of Scripture with ecumenically orientated dialogue of the doctrine of predestination in during the a while in the course of the figures of Origen, Augustine, Boethius, John of Damascus, Eriugena, Aquinas, Ockham, Catherine of Siena, Calvin, Molina, Francis de revenues, Leibniz, Bulgakov, Barth, Maritain, and Balthasar. He concludes with a confident bankruptcy in regards to the way forward for the doctrine.

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263. 38 Predestination scope of God’s love, and Damascene’s on God’s eternal wisdom and will. The history of the doctrine of predestination can be seen as a set of attempts to balance the diverse insights of these Fathers into the New Testament’s teaching. ORIGEN: THE PURIFICATION OF ALL Especially through his masterwork On First Principles and his Commentary on Romans, Origen (185–254) informs all later discussions regarding providence and predestination. Admittedly, it is difficult to ascertain Origen’s views with complete confidence.

39 For the view that Paul considers God’s eternal plan to be frustratable, see M. John Farrelly, OSB, Predestination, Grace, and Free Will (Westminster, MD: Newman Press, 1964), 69–70. 40 W. D. Davies and Dale C. ’ See Davies and Allison, The Gospel according to Saint Matthew, vol. II: Commentary on Matthew VIII–XVIII (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1991), 208. ), Davies and Allison suggest that Matthew 10:29–31 was redacted so as to resolve—unsuccessfully in their view—the problems that 10:26–31 raise.

26 Ibid. 197. 27 For discussion see R. W. L. Moberly, The Theology of the Book of Genesis (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), 100–1; Leo Scheffczyk, Creation and Providence (New York: Herder & Herder, 1970), 3–46; Hans Boersma, Violence, Hospitality, and the Cross: Reappropriating the Atonement Tradition (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2004), 77–86. See also Ephraim Radner, ‘Sublimity and Providence: The Spiritual Discipline of Figural Reading’, Ex Auditu 18 (2002): 155–70. 28 The Old Testament presents God as the Creator and Lord of history, who elects Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and who ‘will be glorified in Israel’ (Isaiah 45:23).

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