Elizabeth's Sea Dogs: How England's Mariners Became the by Hugh Bicheno

By Hugh Bicheno

Elizabeth's Sea canines investigates the increase and fall of a different staff of adventurers—men like Francis Drake, John Hawkins, Martin Frobisher and Walter Raleigh. visible via the English as heroes yet through the Spanish as pirates, they have been professional seafarers and debatable characters. This riveting new account unearths them for what they have been: tremendous difficult males in super not easy occasions. They sailed, fought, looted and whored their method around the globe; within the technique, they confirmed an enduring British presence within the Americas, defeated the Spanish Armada, and made Queen Elizabeth I very filthy rich, if seldom grateful.

Author Hugh Bicheno units the ocean canine in old context and divulges their lives and exploits via diligent historic study incorporating modern testimony. With extra appendices, color plates, the author's personal maps and technical drawings, Elizabeth's Sea canine tells their shiny, awesome tale because it was once lived, within the author's trademark attractive kind.

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Yet tracer fire can have a favorable psychological affect on the troops being supported. In one incident, a US quad-fifty battery tasked with providing suppressive fire in support of an infantry attack planned to remove the tracers. Learning of this intention, the infantry requested that they retain the tracers, as they had such a good effect on morale and would further demoralize the enemy. The antiaircraft troops granted their request, deciding it was worth the risk to give the attacking infantry such a morale boost.

50-cal HB M2 on an M24 pedestal mount. Wooden ammunition crates are placed next to the mount to better stabilize it as it is bolted to a wood platform. ” When used on some postwar mounts and some aircraft guns, the M10 charger was fitted on the receiver’s left side. This charger consisted of a rectangular box with a U-shaped handle attached to a charging cable. As well as the M19 cupola for M85 guns on M60-series tanks, there was also an M1 cupola for M48-series tanks and the M13 fitted on the M59 armored personnel carrier, both for M2HB TT guns.

Flexible M2s, however, were used as the two waist guns and the upward-firing gun in the radio-operator’s compartment, just forward of the waist position and aft of the bomb bay, and sometimes as two cheek guns in the nose compartment. Waist gunners suffered the highest casualty rates among bomber crewmen. Their guns were initially fitted with 200-round ammunition containers, and later, much larger capacity hull-mounted containers were used. To provide a more accurate and manageable weapon, flexible aircraft “fifties” were fitted with E8 gun mount adapter assemblies and the guns fitted with Edgewater recoil adapters in place of the front trunnion adapter.

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