Early Responses to the Periodic System by Masanori Kaji, Helge Kragh, Gabor Pallo

By Masanori Kaji, Helge Kragh, Gabor Pallo

The reception of the periodic method of components has got little consciousness between scientists and historians alike. whereas many historians have studied Mendeleev's discovery of the periodic approach, few have analyzed the ways that the medical neighborhood perceived and hired it. American historian of technology Stephen G. Brush concluded that the periodic legislations were in most cases authorized within the usa and Britain, and has prompt the necessity to expand this examine to different countries.

In Early Responses to the Periodic System, popular historians of technology Masanori Kaji, Helge Kragh, and Gábor Palló current the 1st significant comparative research at the reception, reaction, and appropriation of the periodic procedure of parts between diversified geographical regions. This booklet examines the background of its pedagogy and popularization in medical groups, academic sectors, and pop culture from the Nineteen Seventies to the Twenties. Fifteen remarkable historians of technological know-how discover the effect of Mendeleev's discovery in 11 international locations (and one quarter) primary to chemical study, together with Russia, Germany, the Czech lands, and Japan, one of many few geographical regions outdoors the Western international to take part within the nineteenth-century clinical research.

The assortment, geared up via countryside, explores how neighborhood actors looked the recent discovery as legislations, type, or theoretical interpretation. as well as discussing the appropriation of the periodic method, the publication examines meta-physical reflections of nature in keeping with the periodic method outdoor the sphere of chemistry, and considers how a ways people can push the kinds of "response" and "reception." Early Responses to the Periodic System offers a compelling learn for an individual with an curiosity within the background of chemistry and the Periodic desk of components.

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Wreden also translated Mendeleev’s Russian text of the 1871 paper into German for Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie. 56 After the appearance of this paper on the periodic system in German in 1871, Mendeleev started to be recognized in Western Europe. Meyer himself became assured of the correctness of the periodic law and tried to apply it fully to systematize inorganic chemistry. Meyer’s paper “For Systemization of Inorganic Chemistry” in 1873 was one of its results. 57 Another factor for the change in attitudes toward Mendeleev in Russia in the late 1870s through the early 1880s was Mendeleev’s failure to be elected to full membership in the Academy of Sciences in 1880.

Richter, a native speaker of German also fluent in Russian, became one of the first correspondent-chemists of the German Chemical Society, He sent many articles to Germany about the activities of the Russian Chemical Society, including Mendeleev’s research, as did Wreden. In 1873 Richter was appointed as professor of general and analytical chemistry at the Institute of Agriculture and Forestry in Novoaleksandriia (now Puławy, part of Poland). Due to his ill health (he suffered from tuberculosis), he moved to Germany for medical treatment and became privatdocent of the University of Breslau in 1875.

12 Several other chemists presented papers at this conference that concerned topics related to the periodic system and perhaps were responses to Mendeleev’s initial work on the topic. ” Mendeleev himself expressed disagreement with the comments of one respondent to Lyaskovskii’s paper. In the fall of 1869, Mendeleev attempted to determine some chemical properties of the elements as a function of their atomic weights. In early October, he presented a paper on “The Quantity of Oxygen in Saline Oxides and the Atomicity of Elements” at a meeting of the RCS.

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