Dictionary of Medical Sociology by William C. Cockerham

By William C. Cockerham

As a sociological uniqueness, scientific sociology has a unique background and literature spanning greater than 4 a long time. due to the fact its inception within the years following international warfare II, clinical sociology has attracted major cash for study, supplied vast employment possibilities inside of and outdoors the academy, and produced more and more expert courses. The scientific Sociology part is the biggest distinctiveness represented in either the British and German Sociological institutions and is the second one greatest between American sociologists. in contrast to different, extra theoretically orientated branches of sociology, scientific sociology used to be anticipated through investment organisations and policymakers to provide social wisdom which may be without problems utilized in scientific perform, public well-being campaigns, and healthiness coverage formula. therefore scientific sociology is of curiosity not just to sociologists, but in addition to physicians, nurses, psychologists, social staff, therapists, health facility directors, wellbeing and fitness insurers, wellbeing and fitness economists, and others who depend on the fundamental insights of sociology in examine, sufferer care, and task functionality. Like different disciplines, scientific sociology has its personal basic phrases and ideas. This reference ebook concisely defines these phrases and is hence an important consultant for scientific sociologists and for practitioners and researchers in comparable fields. the quantity starts off with an introductory essay that lines the heritage of scientific sociology. The dictionary then offers brief, alphabetically prepared entries for varied phrases. Entries supply a definition of the time period and customarily speak about the theoretical and sensible value of the subject. For acceptable entries, cross-references to comparable phrases are supplied. Entries cite proper literature, and the amount closes with a bibliography of works brought up.

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At least five typical death-telling strategies have been identified in terms of directness, exhaustiveness of detail, and mode of delivery (verbal versus nonverbal). The particular strategy used is determined by situational and conditional factors, and various occupations are prone to use different strategies; for example, law enforcement professionals are most likely to use direct methods (Clark and LaBeff 1982). DEFENSIVE MEDICINE The performance of diagnostic tests and treatment procedures by a medical practitioner which, but for the threat of malpractice action, would not have been performed (Brenno 1987).

Power and authority, states Dahrendorf, are scarce resources as well, and those who have them are interested in maintaining the status quo, while those who lack them are interested in acquiring them and changing the status quo. Another view of conflict comes from British sociologist Bryan Turner (1988), who argues that modern societies are best understood as having a conflict between the principles of democratic politics (emphasizing equality and universal rights) and the organization of their economic systems (involving the production, exchange, and consumption of goods and services, about which there is considerable inequality).

See also Chiropractic medicine. CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MEDICINE A type of faith healing based on the beliefs and practices of members of the Christian Science Church founded in 1866 by Mary Baker Eddy. A basic tenet of Christian Science is that disease and pain are illusions that emanate from an individual's distorted view of his or her spiritual nature and, thus, physical as well as mental and spiritual health are attained through prayer and spiritual renewal. Christian Scientists believe they possess the capacity to heal themselves through intensive prayer and Bible study, although Christian Science practitioners licensed by the church are available to assist them.

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