By Benjamin Gal-Or (auth.)
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Extra resources for Cosmology, Physics and Philosophy
In 1965 Penzias and Wilson provided such a basis by finding an isotropic microwave radiation that comes not from the sun, not from our galaxy,· not from any identifiable individual source, but from the depths of space! 7 degrees Kelvin. 7° cosmic background radiation. , the uniformity of the radiation arriving from different directions in space. But even more instructive is the slight departure from isotropy that has been discovered in 1977, for it indicates that our galaxy is moving through space with the surprisingly high velocity of600 km/sec (see below).
VI and VII) . , unless we combine GROUP I with GROUP II, we cannot make a comparision with physical observations! Thus, in theoretical physics, as well as in any mathematically-based science, we construct GROUP III (Table II), which, inter alia, contains integra-differential equations and the 'solutions' of the equations. In light of the difficulties encountered in the unification of the differential equations, by themselves, we first pose the questions concerning the methodology of unification, namely : Should unification begin with differential equations?
Thus, by combining supersymmetry and internal symmetry the entire group of elementary particles may be unified. • Internal symmetry is another concept employed in the unification process. 2). • The most important fact, from our point of view, is that the predictions of the general theory of relativity for long-range interactions in nature remain unchanged in these theories; new effects are predicted only at microscopic scales! Thus, the newly proposed unified theories add no correction to the general theory of relativity at the macroscopic and cosmological levels!