Between Copernicus and Galileo. Christoph Clavius and the by James M. Lattis

By James M. Lattis

Between Copernicus and Galileo is the tale of Christoph Clavius, the Jesuit astronomer and instructor whose paintings helped set the criteria wherein Galileo's recognized claims seemed so radical, and whose teachings guided the highbrow and medical time table of the Church within the valuable years of the medical Revolution.

Though rather unknown at the present time, Clavius used to be greatly influential all through Europe within the past due 16th and early 17th centuries via his astronomy books—the average texts utilized in many faculties and universities, and the instruments with which Descartes, Gassendi, and Mersenne, between many others, discovered their astronomy. James Lattis makes use of Clavius's personal courses in addition to archival fabrics to track the imperative position Clavius performed in integrating conventional Ptolemaic astronomy and Aristotelian normal philosophy into an orthodox cosmology. even supposing Clavius strongly resisted the hot cosmologies of Copernicus and Tycho, Galileo's invention of the telescope finally eroded the Ptolemaic international view.
By tracing Clavius's perspectives from medieval cosmology the 17th century, Lattis illuminates the conceptual shift from Ptolemaic to Copernican astronomy and the social, highbrow, and theological influence of the medical Revolution.

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Extra info for Between Copernicus and Galileo. Christoph Clavius and the collapse of Ptolemaic cosmology

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All rights reserved. S. or applicable copyright law. 10 CHAPTER ONE (which are, in fact, almost purely formulaic) in the surviving correspondence between Galileo and Clavius as if to provide evidence that they were not enemies. 22 However, the desire to rescue Clavius from the perceived ignominy of his "failure" to embrace Galileo's views has produced a less innocuous tendency to see him as, if not favorable to Galileo, at least impartial in the Copernican controversies. The worst examples of this interpretation are in the unfortunate articles of Charles Naux, in which he inexplicably concludes that Clavius "did not take a position" in the debate over alternative world systems.

Clavius seems to have taught the "public" mathematics curriculum (which was the elementary sequence, including astronomy, required by the Ratio studiorum) from 1563 until 1571, then again in 1575-76, and finally, after a one-year pause, in 1577-78. ; Between Copernicus and Galileo : Christoph Clavius and the Collapse of Ptolemaic Cosmology Account: ns148561 Copyright © 1994. University of Chicago Press. All rights reserved. S. or applicable copyright law. 24 CHAPTER ONE certainly have offered his courses in other academic years after 1578.

Between Copernicus and Galileo : Christoph Clavius and the Collapse of Ptolemaic Cosmology Account: ns148561 Copyright © 1994. University of Chicago Press. All rights reserved. S. or applicable copyright law. CLAVIUS'S ASTRONOMICAL WORK AND LIFE 19 As we have seen, the significance of Nunez for Clavius's mathematical roots is unclear, but the same cannot be said about Francesco Maurolico (1494-1575). Maurolico was the descendant of Greeks who had fled the fall of Constantinople in 1453 and settled at Messina, on the island of Sicily.

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