Aristotle's Physics by W.D. Ross (comm.)

By W.D. Ross (comm.)

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One in defini tion J g; and then 10 by examining in detail typical arguments used by the monists. The other kind of monism is not absolute monism. It asserts the existence of a single underlying body, but it admits that plurality and change exist. One form of this view derives a plurality of bodies from the one underlying body by dellsification and rarefaction; the other supposes different bodies that were always present in the under lying body to have been in course of time sifted OUt. 11 The latter form again has two varieties j Anaxa· 1 184 b 15-22 .

B. 25. INTRODUCTION the UTEp7pLIO is present) then no longer exists), but that in virtue of its function it is eternal. For if matter ever was coming into being, th ere must have been something that underlay this process, and this itself would be matter, so that th ere would have been matter before matter came into being; and if matter perishes, it must pass into something, and this would still be matter, so that matter would survive its own perishing,1 Thus the whole substance of book i, if we eliminate incidental digressions, is the establishment of matter, form, and privation as the factors involved in all change.

6, 2nb 4, 30Sb 18. , PllYS. 2I5a 26. 7 ib. 216;1. 19. De Coeto iv. 6. I D = distance, M = mass, T=time, V = velocity, C = a constant . • Phys. 215b 12-Z16a 1I. 1 4 ARISTOTLE'S NATURAL PHILOSOPHY 29 not seeing that the essence of motion is the traversal of a given distance in a given time, and in supposing that it is essentially the penetration of a medium to a certain distance, so that the resistance of the medium, instead of being something that merely reduces the velocity of the moving body, is something by which the POm] of the body has to be divided, to get its velocity.

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