Arguments that Count: Physics, Computing, and Missile by Rebecca Slayton

By Rebecca Slayton

In a swiftly altering global, we depend upon specialists to evaluate the promise and dangers of latest know-how. yet how do those specialists make feel of a hugely doubtful destiny? In Arguments that Count, Rebecca Slayton bargains an enormous new standpoint. Drawing on new historic records and interviews in addition to views in technological know-how and know-how reports, she offers an unique account of ways scientists got here to phrases with the extraordinary danger of nuclear-armed intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs). She compares how diverse expert groups -- physicists and desktop scientists -- developed arguments in regards to the dangers of missile protection, and the way those arguments replaced over the years. Slayton exhibits that our figuring out of technological hazards is formed through disciplinary repertoires -- the codified wisdom and mathematical ideas that specialists use to border new demanding situations. And, considerably, a brand new repertoire can convey long-neglected hazards into transparent view.

In the Nineteen Fifties, scientists famous that high-speed pcs will be had to take care of the exceptional velocity of ICBMs. however the nation's elite technology advisors had no approach to learn the dangers of pcs so used physics to evaluate what they can: radar and missile functionality. simply a long time later, after constructing computing as a technological know-how, have been advisors capable of research authoritatively the dangers linked to advanced software program -- such a lot significantly, the chance of a catastrophic failure. As we proceed to confront new threats, together with that of cyber assault, Slayton deals helpful perception into how other kinds of craftsmanship can restrict or extend our means to deal with novel technological risks.

Show description

Read Online or Download Arguments that Count: Physics, Computing, and Missile Defense, 1949-2012 PDF

Best security books

CCNA Security (640-554) Portable Command Guide

<P style="MARGIN: 0px">All the CCNA safeguard 640-554 instructions in a single compact, moveable source
<P style="MARGIN: 0px"> 
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">Preparing for the newest CCNA® safety examination? listed below are all of the CCNA defense instructions you wish in a single condensed, transportable source. packed with invaluable, easy-to-access details, the CCNA protection moveable Command consultant is transportable adequate so you might use no matter if you’re within the server room or the gear closet.
<P style="MARGIN: 0px"> 
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">Completely up to date to mirror the hot CCNA safeguard 640-554 examination, this speedy reference summarizes correct Cisco IOS® software program instructions, key words, command arguments, and linked activates, and provides information and examples for utilizing those instructions to real-world safeguard demanding situations. all through, configuration examples offer an excellent deeper realizing of the way to take advantage of IOS to guard networks.
<P style="MARGIN: 0px"> 
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">Topics coated comprise
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">•  Networking safety basics: strategies, rules, ideas, and extra
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">•  Securing community infrastructure: community foundations, CCP, administration aircraft and entry, and knowledge planes (IPv6/IPv4)
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">•  safe connectivity: VPNs, cryptography, IPsec, and extra
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">•  risk keep watch over and containment: options, ACL hazard mitigation, zone-based firewalls, and Cisco IOS IPS
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">•  Securing networks with ASA: ASDM, uncomplicated and complicated settings, and ASA SSL VPNs
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">  
<P style="MARGIN: 0px"> Bob Vachon is a professor at Cambrian university. He has held CCNP certification in view that 2002 and has collaborated on many Cisco Networking Academy classes. He used to be the lead writer for the Academy’s CCNA safeguard v1. 1 curriculum that aligns to the Cisco IOS community safety (IINS) certification examination (640-554).
<P style="MARGIN: 0px"> 
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">·   entry all CCNA protection instructions: use as a short, offline source for study and ideas
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">·   Logical how-to subject groupings supply one-stop examine
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">·   nice for evaluate sooner than CCNA safeguard certification assessments
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">·   Compact measurement makes it effortless to hold with you, at any place you pass
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">·   “Create your individual Journal” part with clean, covered pages permits you to customize the publication on your wishes
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">·    “What do you need to Do? ” chart within entrance hide allows you to speedy reference particular projects
<P style="MARGIN: 0px"> 
<P style="MARGIN: 0px">This booklet is a part of the Cisco Press® Certification Self-Study Product kin, which deals readers a self-paced examine regimen for Cisco® certification tests. Titles within the Cisco Press Certification Self-Study Product relatives are a part of a prompt studying software from Cisco that comes with simulation and hands-on education from approved Cisco studying companions and self-study items from Cisco Press.
<P style="MARGIN: 0px"> 
<P style="MARGIN: 0px"> 

Cyberpolitics in International Relations: Competing Visions of Technology in 1960s America

Our on-line world is broadly said as a basic truth of everyday life in today's global. until eventually lately, its political impression was once regarded as a question of low politics -- history stipulations and regimen tactics and judgements. Now, although, specialists have all started to acknowledge its impression on excessive politics -- nationwide protection, center associations, and demanding selection strategies.

Emergency planning for nuclear power plants

This booklet presents a background of emergency making plans with admire to nuclear strength plant injuries from the 1950’s to the 2000’s. It supplies an outline of crucial options operating emergency planner may still comprehend, together with short overviews of the wellbeing and fitness physics and plant engineering that applies to emergency making plans.

Extra resources for Arguments that Count: Physics, Computing, and Missile Defense, 1949-2012

Sample text

There he proposed that the Air Force be allowed to partly fund Whirlwind for the study of air defense. Both MIT and the Navy agreed, and over the next several months, Valley’s committee began to use Whirlwind to experiment with air defense concepts. By September 1950, they successfully demonstrated that the Whirlwind could receive radar data from a phone line and display it on a cathode-ray tube. ”30 He envisioned writing a final report and getting back to life as usual. But by that time the Korean War had started, and physicists were being asked to do much more than paper studies.

3). 2 Madeleine Carey, a SAGE programmer, with a stack of 60,000 cards (the total number in the master program). Reprinted with permission of the MITRE Corporation. 3 Russell White of RAND, analyzing the results of a parameter program. Reprinted with permission of the MITRE Corporation. that Jacobs began organizing the programming effort, managers in the digital computer project acknowledged a change in hiring policy. ”92 He couldn’t hire more people because Forrester’s group had already grown to the maximum allowed by MIT—534 personnel, twice what Forrester had proposed just a few years earlier.

Forrester and Everett were drawn to digital machines partly because they would reduce the accumulation of electronic noise in analog hardware. 3 Controlling the Whirlwind When Valley discovered the existence of Whirlwind, he proposed a more focused, near-term goal for Forrester: a demonstration of how computers might improve air defense. However, in so doing he entered a dispute over the appropriate place of academic scientists and engineers in the postwar research establishment. In the late 1940s, the elite administrator scientists of MIT—Stratton and Wiesner—embraced military funding, but sought to turn it toward basic science, rather than applied engineering projects like Whirlwind.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.51 of 5 – based on 44 votes