An Oral-Formulaic Study of the Qur'an by Andrew G. Bannister

By Andrew G. Bannister

The Qur’an makes broad use of older spiritual fabric, tales, and traditions that predate the origins of Islam, and there has lengthy been a fierce debate approximately how this fabric chanced on its means into the Qur’an. This detailed e-book argues that this debate has principally been characterised through a failure to completely delight in the Qur’an as a predominately oral product.

Using cutting edge automated linguistic research, this learn demonstrates that the Qur’an monitors the various indicators of oral composition which were present in different conventional literature. whilst one then combines those automated effects with different clues to the Qur’an’s origins (such because the demonstrably oral tradition that either predated and preceded the Qur’an, in addition to the “folk reminiscence” within the Islamic culture that Muhammad was once an oral performer) those a number of traces of proof converge and aspect to the realization that enormous parts of the Qur’an must be understood as being built dwell, in oral performance.

Combining historic, linguistic, and statistical research, a lot of it made attainable for the 1st time because of new automatic instruments constructed particularly for this ebook, Bannister argues that the results of orality have lengthy been neglected in experiences of the Qur’an. via moving the Islamic scripture firmly again into an oral context, one profits either a clean appreciation of the Qur’an by itself phrases, in addition to a clean realizing of ways Muhammad used early non secular traditions, retelling previous stories afresh for a brand new audience.

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Xiv-xv. 22. , 55–56. 23. cf. Firestone, Journeys, 18–19, 156–158; Andrew Rippin, Muslims: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices, 3d Ed (London: Routledge, 2005) 23. 24. See Sidney H. , The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context (London: Routledge, 2008) 109–137. 25. , The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context (London: Routledge, 2008) 175–203. 26. As Bodman, The Poetics of Iblīs, 41 notes: ‘Some stories, such as the Joseph narrative in Sūrat al-Yūsuf [12], even require awareness of their biblical precedents in order to understand some of the details and references.

63. Patricia Crone and Michael Cook, Hagarism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977). Their thesis is succinctly summarized by Bennett, Studying Islam, 40–43. 64. Crone and Cook, Hagarism, 18. 65. , 16–20. indb 37 3/24/14 6:46 AM 38 Chapter 1 66. , 21–26. See also Patricia Crone, Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987). 67. Crone and Cook, Hagarism, 18. 68. Michael Cook, The Koran: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000) 123.

Muḥammad Muṣṭafā Al-A‘ẓamī, The History of the Qur’ānic Text: From Revelation to Compilation (Leicester: UK Islamic Academy, 2003). 45. , 318. indb 36 3/24/14 6:46 AM The Qur’an and Narrative Biblicist Traditions 37 46. , 13. , Approaches to Islam in Religious Studies (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1985) 189–202, citing 189–192. 47. Ahmad Von Denffer, ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Rev. Ed. (Leicester: The Islamic Foundation, 2000) 147–151. 48. Fazlur Rahman, Islam, 2d Ed (London: University of Chicago Press, 2002 [1979]) 43.

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