An Annotated Timeline of Operations Research: An Informal by Saul I. Gass

By Saul I. Gass

An Annotated Timeline of Operations learn: an off-the-cuff heritage recounts the evolution of Operations learn (OR) as a brand new technological know-how - the technology of determination making. bobbing up from the pressing operational problems with global conflict II, the philosophy and technique of OR has permeated the answer of selection difficulties in company, undefined, and executive. The Timeline chronicles the background of OR within the kind of self-contained, expository entries. each one access offers a concise rationalization of the occasions and other people lower than dialogue, and gives key assets the place extra suitable info should be received. additionally, books and papers that experience stimulated the advance of OR or helped to teach the 1st generations of OR teachers and practitioners are stated during the booklet. beginning in 1564 with seminal principles that shape the precursors of OR, the Timeline strains the main rules and occasions of OR via 2004. The Timeline may still curiosity an individual interested in OR - researchers, practitioners, teachers, and, in particular, scholars - who desire to find out how OR got here into being. extra, the scope and expository sort of the Timeline may still make it of price to the overall reader attracted to the improvement of technological know-how and know-how within the final half the 20th century.

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An equivalent result is Theodore Motzkin’s Decomposition Theorem: any convex polyhedron is the sum of a polytope and a polyhedral cone. [Geometrie der Zahlen, H. Minkowski, Teubner, Leipzig, 1896; “Uber den Variabilitatsbereich der Koeffizienten von Potenzreihen, die gegebene Werte nicht annehmen,” C. Carathéodory, Mathematische Annalen, 64, 1907, 95–115; “Elemantere Theorie der konvexen polyeder,” H. Weyl, Commentarii Math. Helvetici, 7, 1935, 290–235; Beiträge zur Theorie der Linearen Ungleichungen, T.

35 1926 Subjective probability The notion of degrees of belief, which is linked with the topic now called subjective probability, dates back to the earliest investigations of Jakob Bernoulli I (Ars Conjectandi, 1713), and was pursued by Émile Borel, John Venn, and John Maynard Keynes, among others. Frank P. Ramsey believed that the only way to measure degrees of belief is to observe overt behavior manifested in choices. He thus linked subjective probability with the concept of utility and explicit choices.

This result is central to linear programming and the computational aspects of the simplex method. Hermann Minkowski first obtained this result for the convex cone (Schrijver, 1986). Minkowski’s result was also known to Julius Farkas and was refined by Constantin Carathéodory. The general statement of the Representation Theorem – a convex set is polyhedral if and only if it is finitely generated – is due to Hermann Weyl (1935). ” An equivalent result is Theodore Motzkin’s Decomposition Theorem: any convex polyhedron is the sum of a polytope and a polyhedral cone.

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