Agroforestry Systems in India: Livelihood Security & by Jagdish Chander Dagar, Anil Kumar Singh, Ayyanadar

By Jagdish Chander Dagar, Anil Kumar Singh, Ayyanadar Arunachalam

Agroforestry, the observe coined in early seventies, has made its position in all of the constructed and the constructing international locations of the realm and is now famous as a massive method of making sure foodstuff protection and rebuilding resilient rural environments. India has been an all-time chief in agroforestry. The South and Southeast Asia quarter comprising India is frequently defined because the cradle of agroforestry. just about all sorts of agroforestry structures exist throughout India in ecozones starting from humid tropical lowlands to high-altitude and temperate biomes, and perhumid rainforest zones to parched drylands. the rustic ranks preferable one of the neighborhood of countries not just by way of this huge, immense variety and lengthy culture of the perform of agroforestry, but in addition in fostering medical advancements within the topic. Agroforestry applies to personal agricultural and wooded area lands and groups that still contain hugely erodible, flood-prone, economically marginal and environmentally delicate lands. the common state of affairs is agricultural, the place bushes are extra to create wanted advantages. Agroforestry makes it possible for the diversification of farm actions and makes greater use of environmental assets. as a result of a rise within the inhabitants of human and livestock, there's expanding call for of nutrition in addition to fodder, fairly in constructing international locations like India. up to now, there's no coverage that offers with specifics in agroforestry in India. yet, the Indian Council of Agricultural study has been discussing at the scope of getting a countrywide Agroforestry coverage in applicable systems. although, evolving a coverage calls for reliable and trustworthy datasets from assorted corners of the rustic at the subject material. This synthesis quantity containing thirteen chapters is an try to collate on hand info in a labeled demeanour into assorted method ecologies, difficulties and recommendations, and converging them right into a coverage support.

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Additional info for Agroforestry Systems in India: Livelihood Security & Ecosystem Services

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5 Multipurpose tree species (MPTs) of Northwestern Himalayan region S. No. Name of species Climatic zone Altitudinal range (m amsl) 2000–3500 \1000 Method of planting Uses 1. 2. Abies pindrow Acacia auriculaeformis A. catechu SL DS, SL Timber, packing cases, plywood, pulp, and paper Timber, fuel, ornamental \1200 DS, SL A. nilotica Acer acuminatum A. caesium A. pictum A. oblongum Aegle marmelos Aesculus indica Ailanthus altissima Albizia chinensis \700 2400–2800 DS, SL SL Fodder, timber, fuel, katha and cutch, gum, soil conservation Fuel, timber, tannin, gum, fodder Fuel, timber 2400–2800 2400–2800 1000—1800 \1000 1200–2400 1500–2400 SL SL DS,SL DS,SL SL,DS Fuel, timber Fuel, timber Timber, agricultural implements Fuel, fruit, gum, bark, and fruit medicine Timber, fodder, fruit, ornamental Timber, packaging cases, fodder 700–1200 DS, SL 700–1200 110–700 700–1200 700–1200 200–700 DS, DS, DS, DS, SL 200–500 DS, SL Timber, fruit, fodder, Vegetables \500 DS, SL 20.

For generating additional farm income along with meeting their own domestic requirements. Sometime block plantations of poplar and eucalyptus are also carried out by the big or absentee farmers to supply commercial raw material to the wood-based industries or to the local saw mills/furniture manufacturers to enhance their income. These days Poplar based cropping systems are quite frequently found –a –a – –b –b Pastoral- silviculture Pastoral -silvi-horticulture Pastoral-horticulture –b –b –b Silvo-horti-pastoral Horti-pastoral b –b –c b b – –b –c b Agri-silvi-horticulture Silvopastoral Horti-pastoral –c b b – –c b a Agri-horticulture Agri-silvo-horticulture – – – b – c –c – c –b – a – b –b – b –c – a – b –b – b –c –c –b –a –a –a Large ([5 ha) –b –b –b –b –c Medium ([5 ha) –a –b –b –b –b Medium (2–5 ha) –a –a –a –b –a Medium (2–5 ha) Soil Conservation and Ecosystem Stability a Silvo-horti-pastoral – Absent/Partial; b Supportive; c Major Source Modified from Verma et al.

Ganga C. Mini-micro projects Grand Total Sources State Profile Himachal Pradesh (2010) Data for Jammu and Kashmir and Uttrakhand not available a 26 S. D. Kashyap et al. and moderately dense forests having canopy density 40–70 % are generally found in high hill temperate wet and mid-hill subhumid zones of the region making it more humid with large number of natural springs due to deep soil percolation and interception of rain water into the soils of these forests. It also maintains optimum temperature for fruit and off-season vegetable production, conservation of biodiversity in the region and to maintain the hydrological potential of the perennial rivers round the year.

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